The name Abucay was coined from “abu-kinaykay” which means digging debris of fire. According to legend, a Spaniard came to this town and asking for its name. it so happened that his arrival coincided with the just extinguished big fire that burned and destroyed quite a number of houses in the place and so the people were busy digging the remains from the ashes. Digging or shoveling, “kinaykay’ in local dialect. So when this Spaniard asked for the name of the place, the residents replied. “abu-kinaykay”, thinking that this Spaniard was asking what they were doing. From then on this town was called that way and later on to abucay.
Abucay was the site of the infamous massacre of 400 Pampangos who fought against the Dutch invaders on June 23, 1647. This town witnessed the courage and heroism of our countrymen who resisted against the Spaniards, the dutch, the Americans, and the Japanese colonizers.
Movable wooden press blocks was taken within the church of Abucay to be the first printing press in the country and is refuted to be older than any other single press in the United States. Tomas Pinpin, a native of Abucay, who grew up under the tutelage of the Dominican priest in the convent, learned the rudiments of printing from Fray Francisco Blanca de San Jose and Juan de Vera, a Chinese printer at the University of Santo Tomas. Pinpin is undoubtedly the first Filipino printer.
Abucay is now a developing town. Tourism wise, they have the Sibul Spring, the Pasukalan Falls, the Raven Resort, and the Abucay Catholic Church. Mabatang, its biggest and most progressive barangay, is touted as the Christmas Capital in Bataan for their annual Christmas decoration competition. Every corner in Mabatang is alive with lights and decorations. And some of the famous “walis tambo’ (broom) you buy in Baguio City is actually from Abucay, Bataan, which will be the host of the Letran College.
Located in the northern part of Bataan and Pampanga, Abucay is 119 kilometers from Manila or within a 50-km radius from Manila Bay.
It has a total land area of 7,970.00 hectares, 44% of which is ideal for habitation and lowland rice cultivation and fish farming. Six rivers with a combined length of 37 kilometers intertwine from western to eastern direction, Secondary forests cover the western portion which is nearly 38% of Abucay’s land area.
Abucay has a total population of 29,440 as of 1995 with an average growth rate of 1.92% per annum.
Existing fishponds cover an area of 1,521.2 hectares, 319.25 hectares are under intensive use while the rest are non-functioning but available for utilization. Among the commercial marine species found in the area are milkfish, tilapia, pla-pla and shrimps.
Agricultural produce rice, corn, root crops, legumes, vegetable and various kinds as well as forest grown bamboo and buho.
Utilities and Amenities
Telephone services are provided by PLDT and Digitel while the Bureau of Telecommunications (BUTEL) gives telegraphic services. Mobiline and smart cell sites now exists in Barangay Gabon and Omboy respectively.
Postal services is managed by the Philippine Postal Corporation
The power needs of Abucay is supplied by Napocor through Peninsula Electric Cooperative (PENELCO). All barangays have electrical connections.
Ground water is the common source of water in Abucay. Most households use the water tank system generated by mechanized pumps and open wells.
Abucay has 4 banks, 9 schools, 11 health facilities and 2 recreational facilities including the Sibul Spring, a natural spring with an area for outdoor recreation and provides sulfuric swimming with therapeutic effect.
Industrial activities in the municipality are mostly agro-based like piggery, poultry-raising, rice mills and fishponds. Broom making and fish-processing are also dominant in the area.
Garments production, handicrafts, candy-making, boat-making and slipper-making are the industries identified to have high potentials for development and promotion in Abucay. There are two (2) garment firms engaged in exports. The abundance of raw materials particularly marine and forest resources, an available pool of trainable labor and the inclusion of Abucay in the PEZA law for economic zone are expected to boost the municipality’s potential to have a modernized agro-industrial economy.